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Table 4 OLS regressions of economic characteristics for immigrants to the USA, age 25 to 64, interaction of race with years in the USA

From: Transnational social mobility of minorities: a comparative analysis of 14 immigrant minority groups

   Household income SEI Wage
Brazil Years in the USA 0.009** 0.059 0.014**
Race[Blacks] −0.043 0.165 − 0.112
Years in the USA*[Blacks] −0.012 0.033 0.008
R 2 0.06 0.26 0.28
N 5446 5446 3735
Canada (English) Years in the USA 0.002 −0.074** −0.001
Race[Blacks] −0.329** 1.144 −0.243**
Years in the USA*[Blacks] 0.009 −0.261** −0.009
R 2 0.19 0.33 0.24
N 12,521 12,521 12,227
Canada (French) Years in the USA 0 −0.068 0
Race[Blacks] − 0.474** −3.541 −1.699***
Years in the USA*[Blacks] 0.017 0.31 0.097**
R 2 0.21 0.24 0.27
N 5345 5345 3377
UK Years in the USA 0.005** 0.016 0.003*
Race[Blacks] −0.23* −3.102** −0.326**
Years in the USA*[Blacks] −0.002 −0.002 0.006
R 2 0.11 0.29 0.29
N 21,727 21,727 15,140
France Years in the USA 0.004 −0.056 −0.002
Race[Blacks] −0.405* −6.565*** −0.314
Years in the USA*[Blacks] −0.045* 0.24 −0.021
R 2 0.32 0.51 0.29
N 4203 4203 3949
Germany Years in the USA 0.005** (0.001) 0.016 (0.017) 0.003* (0.001)
Race[Black] −0.23* (0.101) −3.102** (1.169) −0.326** (0.092)
Years in the USA*[Blacks] −0.002 (0.008) −0.002 (0.091) 0.006 (0.007)
R 2 0.11 0.29 0.29
N 21,727 21,727 15,140
  1. Sources: 1980, 1990, and 2000 US censuses together with 2005–2009 ACS surveys. Note: All calculations were made with weights. Wage and socioeconomic index are among those working. Additional covariates included in model but not shown here are as follows: age, age2, sex, marital status, number of children, education, level of mastering English, citizenship, and year of survey
  2. p ˂ .10; *p ˂ .05; **p ˂ .01; ***p ˂ .001