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Table 6 Unemployment rates in source countries, minorities vs. majority groups

From: Transnational social mobility of minorities: a comparative analysis of 14 immigrant minority groups

Non-black ethnic minorities Black minorities
Country Name of group Unemployment rate Ratio Country Name of group Unemployment rate Ratio
UKa English 3.8%   Brazile Whites 6.6%  
Indians 6.4% 1.68 Blacks 7.7% 1.17
Pakistanis 12.8% 3.37 Canadaf Whites 6%  
Francea French 12.5%   Blacks 8.75% 1.46
Algerians 29.5% 2.36 UKa Whites 3.8%  
Moroccans 34% 2.72 Blacks 11.4% 3.00
Germanyb Germans 5.5%   Francea Whites 12.5%  
Iranians 10% 1.82 Blacks 32% 2.56
Turks 13% 2.36 Germanyg Whites 5.5%  
Iraqc Iraqis 12.5%   Blacks 20% 3.64
Kurds 15.6% 1.25 The USAh Whites 5.3%  
Israeld Jews 7.5%   Blacks 12.1% 2.28
Arabs 13.3% 1.77 Asians 5.4% 1.02
  1. Source: Author’s calculation. Note: Measures of ethnic and racial minorities are scarce and usually made by NGOs and independent policy institutes. Therefore, these numbers cannot be compared across countries because measures and time of survey are different. None the less, the ratio between minorities and majorities in each country makes minority/majority gaps tangible
  2. aSource: UK Labour Force Survey 2005 Q1 to 2006 Q4 and INSEE, Enquête Etude de l’Histoire Familiale 1999 as reported by Kahanec et al. (2010)
  3. bSource: Rockwool Foundation Survey, 2004 as reported by Nielsen (2004)
  4. cSource: IAU (2009a), IAU (2009b), IAU (2010)
  5. dSource: CBS (2009)
  6. eSource: Nascimento and Nasdmento (2001)
  7. fSource: Milan and Tran (2004)
  8. gSource: ESS (2015)
  9. hSource: BLS (2014)