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Table 8 Full regressions of economic characteristics for immigrants to the USA, age 25 to 64, interaction of race with years in the USA

From: Transnational social mobility of minorities: a comparative analysis of 14 immigrant minority groups

  Household income SEI Wage
Citizenship [not a citizen] −0.042** − 0.652*** −0.042***
Level of speaking English 0.107*** 3.213*** 0.116***
Number of children 0.001 0.048 0.008
Marital status [Married] −0.048*** 0.134 −0.016
Age 0.110*** 0.111 0.105***
Age2 −0.001*** −0.002** − 0.001***
Sex [Women] −0.841*** −2.072*** − 0.775***
Education [BA+] 0.521*** 15.151*** 0.513***
Year of surveya [1990] 0.102*** 0.645*** 0.091***
Year of surveya [2000] 0.230*** 2.006*** 0.203***
Year of surveya [2001–2009] 0.220*** 1.352*** 0.203***
Blacks/Whites [Blacks] −0.273** −1.564 −0.324***
Years in the USAb [6–10] 0.067*** −1.266*** 0.044*
Years in the USAb [11–15] 0.086*** −0.789** 0.043*
Years in the USAb [16–20] 0.005 −1.061*** −0.043
Years in the USAb [25+] 0.051* −1.298*** 0.013
[Blacks]*Years in the USA [6–10] 0.133 1.391 0.219
[Blacks]*Years in the USA [11–15] 0.265* −0.894 0.303*
[Blacks]*Years in the USA [16–20] 0.246 −2.506 0.275
[Blacks]*Years in the USA [25+] 0.06 −1.074 0.077
Countryc [Canada (French)] 0.360*** 7.749*** 0.291***
Countryc [Canada (English)] 0.318*** 8.826*** 0.345***
Countryc [UK] 0.249*** 6.567*** 0.270***
Countryc [France] 0.381*** 7.929*** 0.348***
Countryc [Germany] 0.191*** 8.788*** 0.214***
Intercept 7.123*** 15.463*** 7.223***
N 40,701 41,097 37,085
R 2 0.28 0.36 0.283
  1. Sources: 1980, 1990, and 2000 US censuses together with 2005–2009 ACS surveys. Note: All calculations were made with weights. Wage and socioeconomic index are among those working
  2. aThe reference category of “year of survey” is 1980 year of survey
  3. bThe reference category of “years in the USA” is 0–5 years in the USA
  4. cThe reference category of “country” is Brazil
  5. p ˂ .10; *p ˂ .05; **p ˂ .01; ***p ˂ .001