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Table 10 Selected LPM regression coefficients: dependent variable: passes a literacy test

From: Gender gaps in the path to adulthood for young females and males in six African countries from the 1990s to the 2010s

Country Year Sex Married Wealth Married × wealth HH size No. aged < 5 Male head N
Burkina Faso 1998 W − 0.121*** 0.079*** − 0.100*** 0.000 − 0.006 − 0.050 1769
M − 0.219*** 0.125*** − 0.189*** − 0.004 − 0.010 − 0.056 709
2010 W − 0.199*** 0.016 0.029 0.008*** − 0.036*** − 0.061** 4081
M − 0.145*** 0.121*** 0.060 − 0.000 − 0.011 − 0.036 1707
Ethiopia 2000 W − 0.038 0.182*** 0.046 0.010*** − 0.032*** − 0.053** 4346
M 0.471 0.188*** 0.787 − 0.002 − 0.041 0.066 665
2011 W − 0.195*** 0.105*** 0.152*** 0.004 − 0.050*** 0.012 4579
M − 0.112 0.138*** 0.083 − 0.002 − 0.027* 0.019 3415
Ghana 1993 W − 0.178*** 0.058*** − 0.078** 0.005 − 0.053*** − 0.000 1017
M − 0.152 0.137*** 0.004 0.014 − 0.056* 0.031 270
2014 W − 0.345*** 0.102*** − 0.003 − 0.004 − 0.061*** 0.010 2067
M 0.128 0.149*** 0.308*** − 0.007 0.001 0.012 1053
Kenya 1993 W − 0.175*** 0.041*** 0.128*** 0.008** − 0.026** − 0.017 2201
M − 0.217 − 0.004 − 0.052 0.016 − 0.030 − 0.007 126
2014 W − 0.113*** 0.031*** 0.144*** 0.008*** − 0.030*** − 0.005 7268
M − 0.011 0.085*** 0.146 − 0.005 − 0.006 0.027* 3283
Tanzania 1996 W − 0.127*** 0.052*** 0.074** 0.010*** − 0.047*** − 0.006 2115
M 0.023 0.067*** 0.125 0.010 − 0.023 0.091** 590
2010 W − 0.152*** 0.059*** 0.082*** 0.005 − 0.024** − 0.003 2642
M − 0.064 0.115*** 0.044 0.005 − 0.032 0.017 779
Uganda 1995 W − 0.155*** 0.065*** 0.097*** 0.005 − 0.018 − 0.026 2014
M − 0.153 0.079** − 0.055 0.010 0.006 − 0.044 457
2011 W − 0.140*** 0.039* 0.125*** 0.007 − 0.038*** − 0.059** 2390
M − 0.043 0.148*** 0.067 0.015* − 0.047* 0.048 634
  1. LPM denotes linear probability model. Sample: respondents aged 15–20 years in the DHS survey. The dependent variable takes the value 1 if the respondent passes the functional literacy test, zero otherwise. Estimation via the linear probability model. Controls include age and regional, urban and rural dummies. Married is an indicator for the marital status of the respondent. Wealth is a normalised index of household wealth (see text). Married × wealth is the interaction of the two variables. HH size is the number of people in the household. No. aged < 5 is the number of children aged under 5 years. ***, ** and * reflect conventional significance at 1, 5 and 10% levels