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Table 11 Selected LPM regression coefficients: dependent variable: has some secondary education

From: Gender gaps in the path to adulthood for young females and males in six African countries from the 1990s to the 2010s

Country Year Sex Married Wealth Married × wealth HH size No aged < 5 Male head N
Burkina Faso 1998 W − 0.103*** 0.082*** − 0.086*** 0.001 − 0.009* − 0.035 1770
M − 0.182*** 0.139*** − 0.195*** − 0.004 − 0.007 − 0.085 710
2010 W − 0.156*** 0.038*** 0.002 0.008*** − 0.036*** − 0.058** 4127
M − 0.107** 0.131*** 0.069* − 0.003 − 0.009 − 0.031 1741
Ethiopia 2000 W − 0.015 0.154*** 0.008 0.005* − 0.028*** − 0.028 4394
M − 0.223*** 0.170*** − 0.220** 0.009* − 0.017 0.001 667
2011 W − 0.077*** 0.088*** − 0.005 0.002 − 0.039*** − 0.020 4841
M − 0.139* 0.170*** − 0.115 − 0.004 − 0.015* 0.010 3557
Ghana 1993 W − 0.142*** 0.069*** − 0.058** − 0.006 − 0.014 0.026 1017
M − 0.205*** 0.119*** − 0.188* 0.020** − 0.018 − 0.036 270
2014 W − 0.204*** 0.063*** 0.135*** −  0.002 − 0.057*** 0.023 2071
M 0.053 0.164*** 0.273*** − 0.002 − 0.009 0.034 1054
Kenya 1993 W − 0.189*** 0.082*** − 0.006 0.006 − 0.037*** − 0.027 2208
M − 0.106 0.050 0.198 0.033** −  0.025 − 0.041 126
2014 W − 0.265*** 0.098*** 0.060** 0.010*** − 0.091*** 0.008 7303
M − 0.399*** 0.192*** − 0.441** − 0.009* − 0.016 − 0.002 3291
Tanzania 1996 W − 0.035*** 0.061*** 0.020 0.003 − 0.019*** − 0.034** 2120
M − 0.133*** 0.092*** − 0.128*** 0.002 − 0.013 − 0.020 590
2010 W − 0.299*** 0.099*** − 0.084*** 0.010*** − 0.048*** − 0.057** 2657
M − 0.356*** 0.191*** − 0.192*** 0.006 − 0.064*** − 0.054 781
Uganda 1995 W − 0.138*** 0.080*** 0.014 0.010*** − 0.029*** − 0.019 2015
M − 0.141* 0.129*** 0.060 0.011* − 0.013 − 0.074 459
2011 W − 0.186*** 0.097*** 0.049 0.009* − 0.050*** − 0.071*** 2416
M − 0.085 0.130*** 0.080 0.013 − 0.046* − 0.012 643
  1. LPM denotes linear probability model. Sample: respondents aged 15–20 years in the DHS survey. The dependent variable takes the value 1 if the respondent at least started secondary education and zero if not. Estimation via the linear probability model. Controls include age and regional, urban and rural dummies. Married is an indicator for the marital status of the respondent. Wealth is a normalised index of household wealth (see text). Married × wealth is the interaction of the two variables. HH size is the number of people in the household. No. aged < 5 is the number of children aged under 5 years. ***, ** and * reflect conventional significance at 1, 5 and 10% levels