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Table 5 Literacy by gender and occupation: proportion of respondents given the top grade in a literacy test

From: Gender gaps in the path to adulthood for young females and males in six African countries from the 1990s to the 2010s

Country Year Women Men
All White-collar workers All White-collar workers
Burkina Faso 1998 0.10 0.97 0.21 0.97
2010 0.22 0.95 0.32 0.75
Ethiopia 2000 0.25 0.97 0.44 0.94
2011 0.38 0.97 0.57 0.93
Ghana 1993 0.21 0.75 0.37 0.66
2014 0.59 0.96 0.70 0.94
Kenya 1993 0.72 0.96 0.89 1.00
2014 0.84 0.94 0.87 0.96
Tanzania 1996 0.65 0.91 0.76 0.88
2010 0.70 0.83 0.77 0.97
Uganda 1995 0.37 0.90 0.56 0.89
2011 0.58 1.00 0.61 0.83
  1. Source: Authors’ calculations from DHS survey data