Skip to main content

Table 8 Selected LPM regression coefficients: dependent variable: holds a white-collar job

From: Gender gaps in the path to adulthood for young females and males in six African countries from the 1990s to the 2010s

Country Year Sex Married Wealth Married × wealth HH size No. aged < 5 Ns
Burkina Faso 1998 W − 0.011 0.039*** 0.000 − 0.000 − 0.002 1929
M − 0.077*** 0.094*** − 0.000 − 0.009*** 0.017*** 678
2010 W − 0.035*** 0.026*** 0.015 − 0.000 − 0.003 5335
M − 0.034** 0.051*** 0.034 − 0.005*** 0.008 1596
Ethiopia 2000 W − 0.004 0.079*** 0.002 0.000 − 0.009*** 4741
M 0.022 0.119*** 0.034 0.002 −  0.011 688
2011 W − 0.045*** 0.167*** − 0.042*** − 0.010*** − 0.017*** 5158
M − 0.013 0.149*** 0.029 − 0.010*** − 0.012* 3845
Ghana 1993 W − 0.022* 0.022** 0. 004 − 0.003* − 0.001 1450
M − 0.074** 0.079** − 0.043 − 0.019** 0.025 336
2014 W − 0.053*** 0.145*** − 0.052*** 0.002 − 0.030*** 2816
M − 0.106*** 0.187*** 0.013 0.003 0.007 1027
Kenya 1993 W − 0.001 0.083*** 0.064*** − 0.004 0.008 1306
M − 0.002 0.078*** 0.027 − 0.007 − 0.006 778
2014 W − 0.056*** 0.055*** 0.036** − 0.007** − 0.016** 4812
M − 0.027 0.081*** − 0.008 − 0.007* 0.003 3423
Tanzania 1996 W 0.002 0.012* 0.008 0.000 0.001 2523
M 0.008 0.040* 0.032 0.000 0.001 561
2010 W − 0.021** 0.060*** − 0.011 − 0.002* 0.001 3035
M − 0.037 0.034 0.022 − 0.005 0.009 650
Uganda 1995 W − 0.037*** 0.037*** 0.006 − 0.003* − 0.004 2468
M − 0.011 0.051** − 0.024 0.000 − 0.007 642
2011 W − 0.012 0.092*** − 0.004 − 0.005** − 0.010* 2891
M − 0.037 0.093*** 0.002 − 0.002 0.002 624
  1. LPM denotes linear probability model. Sample: respondents aged 20–29 years in the DHS survey. The dependent variable takes the value 1 if the respondent is working in a professional, managerial, technical or clerical job and zero otherwise. Estimation via the linear probability model. Controls include age and regional, urban and rural dummies. Married is an indicator for the marital status of the respondent. Wealth is a normalised index of household wealth (see text). Married × wealth is the interaction of the two variables. HH size is the number of people in the household. No. aged < 5 is the number of children aged under 5 years. ***, ** and * reflect conventional significance at 1, 5 and 10% levels