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Table 2 Probit model marginal effects for the probability of alignment of reporting own education and father’s employment sector and status between the three contemporaneous points (1998, 2006, and 2012), individuals in base year (1998 or 2006) and present in the other waves, aged 30–54 in base year of the pair

From: Comparing retrospective and panel data collection methods to assess labor market dynamics

  (1) Own education (8 categories) 1998 versus 2006 (2) Father sector/status (4 categories) 2006 versus 2012 (3) Father sector/status (4 categories) 1998 versus 2006 (4) Father sector/status (4 categories) 1998 versus 2012
Reference case probability 0.911 0.710 0.747 0.746
Own education (univ. omit.)
 Illit. − 0.045* (0.019) − 0.096*** (0.025) − 0.054 (0.034) − 0.122*** (0.037)
 R&W − 0.592*** (0.030) − 0.067* (0.032) − 0.021 (0.038) − 0.138** (0.043)
 Primary − 0.270*** (0.030) − 0.075** (0.029) − 0.053 (0.038) − 0.067 (0.041)
 Preparatory − 0.257*** (0.039) − 0.055 (0.036) 0.001 (0.042) − 0.065 (0.052)
 General sec. −0.451*** (0.085) − 0.109 (0.076) 0.042 (0.079) 0.081 (0.092)
 Vocational sec. − 0.040* (0.019) − 0.040 (0.022) − 0.033 (0.031) − 0.141*** (0.036)
 Post sec. − 0.302*** (0.040) − 0.032 (0.034) − 0.014 (0.043) − 0.022 (0.047)
Gender (male omit.)
 Female 0.043* (0.019) −0.031 (0.018) − 0.012 (0.025) − 0.008 (0.029)
Age group in base year (30–34 omit.)
 35–39 0.022 (0.019) 0.018 (0.020) 0.029 (0.027) 0.001 (0.030)
 40–44 0.004 (0.020) 0.018 (0.020) 0.007 (0.027) − 0.009 (0.031)
 45–49 − 0.008 (0.021) 0.017 (0.021) 0.036 (0.028) 0.002 (0.032)
 50–54 0.024 (0.021) 0.035 (0.021) − 0.021 (0.030) 0.001 (0.035)
Region (Gr. Cairo omit.)
 Alex. and Suez Canal 0.001 (0.020) − 0.023 (0.027) − 0.053 (0.027) − 0.037 (0.034)
 Urban Lower 0.009 (0.019) 0.005 (0.024) − 0.028 (0.025) 0.052 (0.031)
 Urban Upper 0.023 (0.020) 0.040 (0.024) 0.006 (0.025) 0.014 (0.032)
 Rural Lower 0.017 (0.021) 0.010 (0.022) − 0.011 (0.028) 0.047 (0.032)
 Rural Upper 0.027 (0.022) 0.040 (0.024) 0.018 (0.029) 0.013 (0.035)
Consist. resp. (not consist. omit.)
 Consist. resp. 0.027 (0.016) 0.012 (0.014) 0.027 (0.018) 0.045* (0.022)
Contemporaneous emp. status in base year (public wage omit.)
 Private wage − 0.017 (0.023) 0.002 (0.024) − 0.005 (0.034) − 0.056 (0.038)
 Non-wage work − 0.023 (0.022) 0.029 (0.021) − 0.001 (0.029) − 0.024 (0.035)
 Not working − 0.037 (0.022) 0.041 (0.022) − 0.018 (0.030) 0.014 (0.035)
Father sector/employment status in base year (government wage omit.)
 Public enterprise wage   − 0.306*** (0.030) − 0.272*** (0.038) − 0.342*** (0.043)
 Private wage   − 0.138*** (0.020) − 0.261*** (0.026) − 0.098*** (0.030)
 Non-wage   − 0.047** (0.017) 0.016 (0.022) − 0.027 (0.025)
N (Obs.) 4846 7089 4425 3456
  1. Source: authors’ calculations based on ELMPS 1998, ELMPS 2006, ELMPS 2012. Standard errors are in parentheses. Marginal effects’ estimates with all other characteristics as observed
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001