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Table 3 Probit model marginal effects for the probability of alignment of labor market status between contemporaneous 1998 or 2006 and 2012 or 2006 retrospective data by sex, individuals in base year (1998 or 2006) and present in the other waves, aged 20–44 in base year of the pair

From: Comparing retrospective and panel data collection methods to assess labor market dynamics

  2012 retrospective versus panel 2006 retrospective versus panel
  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
  1998 1998 2006 2006 1998 1998
  Male Female Male Female Male Female
Reference case probability: 0.897 0.856 0.871 0.804 0.933 0.945
Own education (univ. omitted)
 Illit. or R&W − 0.098* (0.040) 0.063 (0.033) − 0.112*** (0.026) 0.036 (0.019) − 0.086** (0.033) 0.070* (0.030)
 Basic − 0.152*** (0.039) 0.070 (0.038) − 0.111*** (0.025) 0.038 (0.022) − 0.066 (0.035) 0.051 (0.035)
 Secondary − 0.108*** (0.032) − 0.016 (0.029) − 0.122*** (0.020) 0.001 (0.017) − 0.073** (0.027) − 0.024 (0.028)
Age group in base year (20–24 omit.)
 25–29 − 0.076* (0.036) − 0.016 (0.023) − 0.026 (0.021) − 0.011 (0.013) − 0.038 (0.032) − 0.009 (0.023)
 30–34 − 0.024 (0.042) 0.012 (0.023) 0.016 (0.024) − 0.008 (0.016) − 0.034 (0.035) 0.029 (0.022)
 35–39 0.072 (0.043) 0.010 (0.023) 0.014 (0.026) 0.001 (0.017) 0.058 (0.037) − 0.012 (0.024)
 40–44 0.073 (0.045) 0.014 (0.026) 0.016 (0.028) 0.033* (0.016) 0.046 (0.037) 0.021 (0.024)
Region (Gr. Cairo omit.)
 Alex. and Suez Canal − 0.004 (0.040) 0.056* (0.027) − 0.011 (0.030) 0.010 (0.022) − 0.005 (0.032) − 0.013 (0.023)
 Urban Lower − 0.018 (0.039) 0.045 (0.027) 0.006 (0.027) 0.043* (0.019) − 0.028 (0.030) − 0.003 (0.020)
 Urban Upper 0.009 (0.036) 0.034 (0.026) 0.007 (0.026) 0.034 (0.020) −0.017 (0.030) −0.050* (0.022)
 Rural Lower − 0.049 (0.037) 0.038 (0.026) − 0.002 (0.024) 0.030 (0.018) − 0.052 (0.031) − 0.035 (0.023)
 Rural Upper 0.026 (0.039) 0.051* (0.026) 0.023 (0.025) 0.016 (0.019) − 0.017 (0.033) − 0.076** (0.025)
Consist. respondent (not consist. omit.)
 Consist. resp. − 0.012 (0.026) − 0.023 (0.020) − 0.009 (0.015) 0.001 (0.011) 0.013 (0.023) − 0.010 (0.018)
Contemporaneous emp. status in base year (public wage omit.)
 Private formal wage − 0.370*** (0.055) − 0.524*** (0.125) − 0.357*** (0.026) − 0.550*** (0.069) − 0.268*** (0.041) − 0.343*** (0.086)
 Private informal wage − 0.399*** (0.052) − 0.728*** (0.090) − 0.374*** (0.026) − 0.618*** (0.055) − 0.355*** (0.043) − 0.284** (0.095)
 Irregular wage − 0.412*** (0.051) − 0.648**(0.217) − 0.255*** (0.032) − 0.571*** (0.111) − 0.512*** (0.044) − 0.179 (0.144)
 Employers − 0.479*** (0.047) − 0.805*** (0.094) − 0.375*** (0.028) − 0.757*** (0.064) − 0.217*** (0.041) − 0.233 (0.179)
 Self-employed − 0.522*** (0.053) − 0.675*** (0.091) − 0.400*** (0.031) − 0.753***
(0.041)
− 0.481*** (0.049) − 0.313** (0.105)
 Unpaid family work − 0.552*** (0.063) − 0.751*** (0.060) − 0.510*** (0.035) − 0.693***
(0.035)
− 0.270*** (0.056) −0.468*** (0.075)
 Unemployed − 0.696*** (0.044) − 0.792*** (0.045) − 0.765*** (0.048) − 0.791***
(0.031)
− 0.794*** (0.035) − 0.778*** (0.046)
 OLF − 0.342*** (0.053) − 0.013 (0.036) − 0.306*** (0.032) 0.004 (0.028) − 0.455*** (0.043) − 0.076* (0.033)
Employment characteristics in the end year
Not employed (employed omit.) − 0.060 (0.054) 0.254*** (0.045) − 0.015 (0.035) 0.078** (0.024) 0.141*** (0.040) 0.380*** (0.030)
Irregular (regular omit.) − 0.042 (0.037) − 0.089 (0.079) − 0.107*** (0.019) − 0.231** (0.076) 0.105* (0.042) − 0.287 (0.150)
Informal (formal omit) − 0.024 (0.030) − 0.147*** (0.035) − 0.018 (0.019) − 0.020 (0.031) − 0.045 (0.026) − 0.189*** (0.031)
N (Obs.) 2160 2362 5229 5395 2202 2388
  1. Source: authors’ calculations based on ELMPS 1998, ELMPS 2006, ELMPS 2012. Standard errors are in parentheses. Marginal effects’ estimates with all other characteristics as observed
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001