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Table 1 Summary statistics

From: Labor market mobility and the early-career outcomes of immigrant men

Variable White Canadian-born Visible minority Canadian-born White immigrant Visible minority immigrant
Unemployed 0.082 0.084 0.043 0.067
New employer 0.123 0.110 0.209 0.151
Same employer, promoted 0.335 0.269 0.311 0.199
Same employer, not promoted 0.460 0.537 0.437 0.583
Change in log-hourly wageǂ 0.083 0.009 0.095 0.066
Changed occupationsǂ 0.162 0.223 0.258 0.193
Log-hourly wage in the first interview 2.664 2.773 2.887 2.731
Education
 Bachelor or higher 0.190 0.305 0.444 0.509
 More than high school but less than bachelor 0.551 0.548 0.356 0.389
 High school grad 0.181 0.074 0.141 0.077
 Less than high school* 0.077 0.071 0.056 0.023
Married 0.426 0.243 0.547 0.437
Number of dependent children 0.282 0.109 0.272 0.298
Age 25.202 24.925 27.397 27.596
Years of actual full-time experience 5.281 4.427 5.735 5.481
Full-time job 0.737 0.615 0.822 0.862
Membership in a union 0.181 0.161 0.109 0.144
Tenure with employer 3.044 2.201 3.199 2.833
Language spoken at home different from work 0.032 0.020 0.014 0.053
Industry
 Construction and natural resources 0.085 0.015 0.063 0.007
 Transportation, warehousing, wholesale 0.116 0.044 0.128 0.065
 Communication and other utilities 0.017 0.014 0.007 0.011
 Retail trade and consumer services 0.300 0.238 0.222 0.263
 Finance and insurance 0.027 0.123 0.029 0.120
 Real estate, rental, and leasing operations 0.016 0.019 0.007 0.004
 Business services 0.124 0.144 0.175 0.197
 Education and health services 0.071 0.163 0.075 0.057
 Information and cultural industries 0.037 0.047 0.038 0.021
 Manufacturing* 0.202 0.188 0.250 0.250
Occupation
 Managers 0.093 0.074 0.150 0.150
 Professionals 0.142 0.261 0.323 0.251
 Technical/traders 0.504 0.332 0.374 0.354
 Marketing/sales 0.054 0.141 0.019 0.071
 Clerical/administrative 0.087 0.151 0.052 0.121
 Production workers* 0.116 0.038 0.079 0.050
Percentile in firm wage distribution 0.298 0.321 0.256 0.341
Number of observations 4192 189 260 266
  1. *Omitted category in our regression specifications
  2. ǂThe statistic applies to the restricted sample of 4585 men who are employed in both interviews