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Table 11 The impact of alcohol regulation on mortality in states never under prohibition

From: The effectiveness and effects of alcohol regulation: evidence from India

  Road accidents, n = 267 Firearms, n = 267 Alcohol, n = 143 Spurious liquor, n = 240
MLDA − 3.795   − 0.529   5.371   1.826  
(16.185)   (0.883)   (0.430)***   (0.832)*  
{0.811}   {0.715}   {0.0399}  {0.299}  
MLDA ≥ 21   20.260   − 2.040   0.733   6.838
  (92.052)   (3.476)   (8.799)   (5.681)
  {0.895}   {0.695}   {0.966}   {0.882}
MLDA ≥ 25   − 67.115   − 1.370   21.485   7.304
  (38.666)   (2.413)   (1.719)***   (3.329)*
  {0.298}   {0.524}   {0.0309}††   {0.288}
R-sq 0.86 0.86 0.88 0.88 0.97 0.97 0.64 0.64
  1. All regressions include controls for the state literacy rate, the fraction of people living in urban areas, per capita GDP, the unemployment rate, the number of police per capita, and state and year fixed effects, and are weighted by state population. The omitted minimum legal drinking age is 18. Standard errors presented in parentheses are clustered by state. *Significant at 10%, **significant at 5%, ***significant at 1%. p values in braces are adjusted for small clusters using wild-t bootstrap. p ≤ 0.1, ††p ≤ 0.05, †††p ≤ 0.01