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Table 3 The effect of MLDA on drinking and smoking (sample: all men 15–50 years old)

From: The effectiveness and effects of alcohol regulation: evidence from India

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
Panel A: dependent variable—drink alcohol 0.1143*** 0.1924*** 0.0707*** 0.0713*** 0.0448***
(0.0365) (0.0159) (0.0147) (0.0154) (0.0073)
{0.006}††† {0.000}††† {0.0002}††† {0.0002}††† {0.000}†††
N 176,822 176,822 176,588 176,588 176,588
R-sq 0.02 0.09 0.15 0.15 0.16
Panel B: dependent variable—smokes 0.1659*** 0.2611*** 0.0557** 0.0614** 0.0282*
(0.0401) (0.0296) (0.0249) (0.0255) (0.0160)
{0.0007}††† {0.0000}††† {0.0391}†† {0.0278}†† {0.0949}††
N 176,835 176,835 176,601 176,601 176,601
R-sq 0.03 0.09 0.19 0.19
  1. Sample includes all men between ages 15 and 50 in NFHS-2 and NFHS-3. Controls for husband include age, years of schooling, whether he belongs to a white-collar occupation, household size, urban residence, religion, and number of children. Controls for wife also include these variables plus, her attitudes towards domestic violence, whether she has money of her own that she controls, and the wife to husband age and schooling ratios. Standard errors presented in parentheses are clustered by state. *Significant at 10%, **significant at 5%, ***significant at 1%. p values in braces are adjusted using wild-t bootstrap. p ≤ 0.1, ††p ≤ 0.05, †††p ≤ 0.01