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Table 5 The impact of alcohol regulation on crime

From: The effectiveness and effects of alcohol regulation: evidence from India

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8)
  Cruelty, n = 314 Molestation, n = 314 Sexual harassment, n = 314 Rape, n = 395
MLDA − 2.80   − 0.52   − 1.4347   0.2964  
(0.92)***   (0.49)   (0.51)**   (0.1870)  
{0.145}   {0.354}   {0.079}†   {0.573}  
MLDA ≥ 21   − 263.49   − 120.45   − 132.64   28.70
  (104.43)**   (24.10)***   (18.91)***   (12.92)**
  {0.267}   {0.193}   {0.311}   {0.201}
MLDA ≥ 25   139.80   − 68.77   − 33.89   − 5.00
  (53.62)**   (59.39)   (22.99)   (9.41)
  {0.252}   {0.501}   {0.339}   {0.661}
Prohibition   − 309.82   26.99   − 72.14   14.34
  (92.59)***   (67.67)   (27.93)**   (8.46)
  {0.38}   {0.857}   {0.199}   {0.181}
R-sq 0.77 0.78 0.94 0.95 0.77 0.79 0.94 0.94
  Murder, n = 395 Dacoity, n = 395 Robbery, n = 395 Riots, n = 395
MLDA 0.033   0.152   0.164   4.18  
(0.225)   (0.206)   (0.184)   (1.58)**  
{0.903}   {0.559}   {0.385}   {0.257}  
MLDA ≥ 21   58.69   − 50.02   92.14   − 317.15
  (18.78)***   (25.31)*   (52.63)   (312.84)
  {0.207}   {0.091}†   {0.839}   {0.721}
MLDA ≥ 25   2.94   2.94   26.81   236.39
  (19.06)   (27.69)   (43.30)   (122.43)*
  {0.893}   {0.935}   {0.659}   {0.321}
Prohibition   − 28.42   33.72   − 55.74   275.49
  (18.83)   (22.18)   (48.95)   (169.48)
  {0.257}   {0.251}   {0.571}   {0.191}
R-sq 0.65 0.66 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.76 0.74 0.74
  1. All regressions include controls for the state literacy rate, the fraction of people living in urban areas, per capita GDP, the unemployment rate, the number of police per capita, and state and year fixed effects, and are weighted by state population. The omitted minimum legal drinking age is 18. Standard errors presented in parentheses are clustered by state. *Significant at 10%, **significant at 5%, ***significant at 1%. p values in braces are adjusted for small clusters using wild-t bootstrap. p ≤ 0.1, ††p ≤ 0.05, †††p ≤ 0.01