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Table 4 Benefits by type of employment

From: Transitions between informal and formal employment: results from a worker survey in Bangladesh

  Private employees (base category) Government employees Casual workers
Written contract 25.1% 91.9%*** 1.6%***
Verbal contract 48.2% 5.0%*** 51.3%
Sick leave 87.7% 98.5%*** 63.7%***
Casual leave 61.3% 96.6%*** 26%***
Holiday leave 83.0% 87.8% 17%***
Maternity leave 85.1% 93.8%* 27%***
Paid overtime 33.6% 19.4%*** 7.3%***
Bonus 86.0% 95.8%*** 26.1%***
Provident Fund 12.7% 92.9%*** 0.6%***
Gratuity 6.4% 71.9%*** 0.6%***
Pension 0.7% 82.1%*** 0.8%
Termination notice 45.3% 73.5%*** 14.4%***
  1. Note: Reported benefits by employment type, based on current employment type at the time of the survey. Casual worker category includes day laborers, seasonal workers, domestic workers, and apprentices, interns or trainees. Sampling weights are applied. We run t-tests of the difference between the prevalence of benefits among government employees and casual workers and the prevalence of benefits for private employees (the base category). ***, **, and * denote that the p value of the t-test is less than 0.01, 0.05, and 0.1, respectively